Varicose veins are not just a cosmetic problem, they are a pathology that is "known" for its complications. If you comply with the contraindications for varicose veins, then there is a chance to stop the development of the disease and avoid complications. Restrictions not only affect sports, but also food, bathing, shoe choices and along the way.
Exercise with varicose veins
Phlebologists do not recommend stopping exercising at all. Indeed, venous disease often occurs due to a hypodynamic lifestyle, in which blood stagnates in the limbs. Exercise with varicose veins is very possible, but it is necessary to choose optimal physical activity.
Activities to prioritize:
- Swim.Movement in water stimulates the outflow of venous blood from the affected ducts, strengthening the muscles and walls of the veins. The load on the legs is minimal. Water massages the skin, making it firmer and more elastic.
- Walk north or walk on the treadmill.If you walk 1-2 kilometers regularly, then the chances of varicose veins are minimal. Walking reduces pressure on veins, muscles contract and blood circulation improves.
- Elliptical trainer or ski training. Need to exercise very carefully, avoiding excessive loads. Excessive exercise speed can block the venous tract at the ends of the legs.
- Yoga.Preference should be given to stretching the asana, inverted posture with the legs raised. Exercises that block blood vessels should be avoided.
Fitness classes are also suitable, but it is necessary to choose a lightweight program without power load - with varicose veins, you can not lift more than 3 kg. Fitness can even be beneficial if the training is chosen by the doctor and done in the gym under the supervision of the trainee.
Sports contraindicated for varicose veins: weightlifting, long runs, marathons, aerobics, martial arts, Irish and African dance, where there are many long jumps, jump rope.
Dietary restrictions for varicose veins
If varicose veins are diagnosed, being overweight is not desirable because the load on the legs increases. Fat deposits also slow down blood circulation through the veins. To avoid being overweight or achieving weight loss, dietary restrictions are needed. Restrictions will also help strengthen blood vessels, relieve edema and prevent the development of the disease.
Foods and drinks not recommended for varicose veins:
- Soda.There are no nutrients in it, but there is an excess of carbon dioxide that damages the veins. Therefore, it is better to replace soda with green tea or herbal infusion.
- Alcohol and caffeinated beverages.Such drinks dilate blood vessels, which is very dangerous with varicose veins.
- Pastries, cakes and pastries with butter cream.Such foods contain large amounts of unhealthy fats and sugars, which lead to obesity.
- Fried and fatty foodscause high blood cholesterol levels, plaque formation and clogged veins.
Walnuts, fruits and berries, lean meats and, conversely, fatty fish, nuts, buckwheat and oatmeal, pumpkin, cucumber and tomato will help strengthen the walls of blood vessels. Strong vessels will not respond as suddenly to changes in blood pressure as do thin vascular walls. The vascular healing process will be assisted by bioflavonoids, which are saturated with seaweed.
With varicose veins, it is very important to maintain normal bowel function, because as venous outflow is disrupted, the risk of constipation increases. Especially if varicose veins in the small pelvis are diagnosed.
For the prevention and treatment of constipation, patients with varicose veins need to eat more fiber, drink more fluids, and monitor a balanced diet and food intake. Food must be broken down, five to six times a day in small portions. Breakfast should be nutritious, full of carbohydrates and protein. The last meal should be taken at least four hours before bedtime. Drink with food is not worth it, water dilutes gastric juice. If the stool delay has arisen, then it is necessary to fight it by all means, preventing the development of hemorrhoids and the appearance of hemorrhoids.
Bath and sauna for varicose veins
People suffering from varicose veins are strictly forbidden to visit the bath house or sauna. At high temperatures, the blood vessels expand, the blood volume increases several times, and, thus, the load on each vein also increases. Painful veins have rigid and inelastic walls and are not resistant to such attacks.
Consequences after visiting the bath, which may be experienced by people with varicose veins: cramps, muscle aches, blood congestion, flow imbalance, thromboflebitis, which can develop into thrombosis; the appearance of trophic ulcers, heaviness in the legs. Larger veins may appear in the body.
These restrictions affect both solarium visits and prolonged sunlight exposure. In general, everything related to foot warming should be avoided.
Limitations in shoe selection for varicose veins in the lower leg
If the disease is in its early stages, then wearing heels can only be done on special occasions, limited to a height of not more than four centimeters. But if the pathology is ignored, then there is no question about shoes with heels.
If your feet are always sore, then wearing clogs, flip flops, flip flops are also contraindicated, as they do not improve the ankles and cause the feet to experience chronic stress. As a result, the legs are in a constant state of tension, which is very dangerous for varicose veins.
Ballerinas, espadrilles and sneakers are also not the best options, as wearing such shoes can also cause flat feet. It is better to invest in orthopedic soles on shoes or buy special orthopedic shoes. Today, manufacturers offer a wide range of such products - from shoes to winter shoes.
Long journeys and flights with varicose veins
If possible, if you suffer from varicose veins, you should avoid traveling far by car or bus, or traveling by plane. In this case, you must be in a sitting position for several hours. As a result, the legs swell, the blood stagnates and the condition worsens. Hydrodynamic loads during flight, in turn, can provoke the appearance of blood clots.
If, however, it is not possible to avoid travel or flight, then it is necessary to adhere to some simple rules to alleviate these conditions:
- drink more fluids;
- do regular leg movements to avoid blood stagnation;
- periodically walk around the cabin of an airplane or bus, if possible;
- make regular stops and walk for a few minutes if traveling by car;
- make sure (! ) to wear compression underwear before traveling.
Why are varicose veins dangerous
If a person suffers from varicose veins, then this can be seen in all organs and systems. Pressure on the veins can match the pressure in the capillaries, which will cause slowing of blood flow to the organs and hypoxia.
If blood accumulates in the veins for a long time, then toxic metabolic products accumulate in the tissues, and micronutrients are formed. Other complications that can occur with varicose veins:
- Trophic ulcer.Unhealed wounds appear in the legs due to lack of oxygen caused by failure in blood circulation to tissues.
- Thrombophlebitis and thrombosis.Such complications occur in 20% of cases of varicose veins. If you do not deal with pathological treatment, then the possibility of blood clots in the venous lumen increases.
- Phlebitis of the lower leg.The venous wall becomes inflamed, the patient feels shivering, weak, there is an increase in body temperature. If you do not respond to complications in time with adequate therapy, it can eventually develop into thrombophlebitis.
- Varicose veins of the uterus.Pregnant women with varicose veins are the most susceptible to the disease. This pathology poses a real threat to the baby, as blood flow from the mother to the fetus is disrupted, which can provoke premature birth or the death of the unborn.
Against the background of varicose veins in the extremities, varicose veins from hemorrhoids may appear. Sometimes patients experience venous insufficiency, which makes movement difficult and painful, causing numbness in the limbs. If a blood clot forms in a diseased vein, it can cause a heart attack. The risk group for this is dominated by men.
What can be done to prevent the development of such dangerous complications? It is important to adhere to the contraindications for varicose veins, see a doctor regularly, exercise moderately and monitor your diet. You can not wear tight shoes, synthetic clothes and uncomfortable. It is very important to get clothes in high quality compression, using venotonic creams and tonics. The consequences of varicose veins are sometimes much worse than the disease itself, so it is necessary to maintain pathological control.