Varicose veins in the lower leg (from the Latin varix - "knot") is one of the most common diseases of the lower extremities, according to various sources, it affects 20% to 40% of the adult population of developed countries. One of the main symptoms of the disease is the appearance of varicose veins, the formation of varicose veins, the thinning of the venous wall, which leads to the appearance of varicose vein deficiency and the development of symptoms of chronic venous insufficiency (CVI). In turn, the manifestations of CVI are accompanied by various symptoms such as heaviness in the legs, edema, fatigue, burning, seizures at night, violations of skin trophism and soft tissues (dermatocellulitis). Venous insufficiency, sooner or later, develops in all patients with varicose veins.
Modern medicine has achieved remarkable results in the treatment of varicose veins with good cosmetic effects from treatment, long-term results, with minimal recurrence of the disease.
However, some residents are still afraid of surgical intervention and do not go to see a specialist. Our article is dedicated to this part of the population.
The most common folk remedies for treating varicose veins in the lower extremities are hirudotherapy (or treatment of varicose veins with leeches), herbal remedies (herbal medicine), contrast foot baths, all kinds of ointments and scrubs, and, of course, therapiesdiet. Let us discuss each of these methods in more detail.
Leech therapy has long been used by doctors for a variety of ailments. In the murals found in the tombs of the Egyptian pharaohs in the 18th Dynasty (1567-1308 BC), there is already information about treatment with leeches. They were widely used by doctors of Ancient India, Greece, Rome, as evidenced by the classical works of ancient medicine - Claudius Galen (II century AD), Antillus (IV century), Avicenna (X-XI century) and many more. The healing properties of leeches have been found in atherosclerosis, hypertension, coronary heart disease, varicose veins, inflammatory processes, joint diseases and many other pathological processes.
The healing properties of leeches are associated with saliva, which, when bitten, enters the patient's bloodstream. Saliva contains about 30 enzymes and biologically active substances, including hirudin, which induces blood thinning, and this, in turn, prevents the emergence of blood clots, increasing microcirculation at the bite site.
The most common place to place leeches in the event of varicose veins is a point that swings on both sides of the vein and recedes from the edge by 1-3 cm. Many hirudotherapists also recommend placing leeches in areas of the lower third of the foot where the skin has experienced the greatest trophic changes. The number of leeches used is from 6 to 10 and depends on the length of the dilated veins and the severity of local pathological changes. The course of treatment can range from 5 to 15 sessions. At the end of the procedure, an elastic bandage or compression jersey must be worn.
Our attitude towards this type of treatment is very skeptical, as this treatment aims only to prevent thrombosis that often occurs in varicose veins, but not more. Hirudotherapy only relieves the symptoms of the disease and does not show the elimination of the main cause of varicose veins - the elimination of reflux (removal) of blood through pathological veins, and therefore can not be considered as the main method of treating varicose veins. If trophic changes occur in the patient's skin, treatment with leeches can lead to serious complications, infections and skin necrosis.
Herbal medicine (herbal medicine) for varicose veins
Currently, herbal medicine as an independent method of treating varicose veins is not seriously considered by herbalists or their opponents. Herbal medicines can be used only as an adjunct to primary treatment, or can be recommended as a prophylactic agent. The combination of these ingredients or the combination, with proper and regular use, helps strengthen and improve the tone of the venous wall, helps prevent blood clots, and has anti-inflammatory effects. The most well-known and proven herbal remedy, long accepted in classical medicine, is horse chestnut. From flowers, fruits or leaves, various agents are prepared for external or internal use, strengthen the venous wall, relieve inflammation, thin the blood and lower its clotting activity. Verbena and red grape leaves are also among the famous venotonics. Horse tails on farms, knotweed and lung medicine contribute to the strengthening of venous walls and the normalization of metabolic processes in connective tissue. Dandelion has similar properties to phospholipids, which are included in all parts of the plant.
To increase blood circulation in the capillaries and prevent thrombosis, the plants used contain various groups of substances - kumarin or salicylate, which reduce blood clotting: sweet clover, toadflax, meadowsweet, raspberry, peony seal and others.
In one way or another, almost all of the ingredients listed have anti-inflammatory effects, but these properties are most noticeable when using plants rich in tonin and gelene acids: body roots, buckthorn leaves or oak bark.
Thus, herbal medicine can be used in the treatment of varicose veins, but only in addition to surgical methods or other radical methods (more or less).
Anti-varicose ointment and gel
If we talk about varicose veins and treatment with ointments or gels, then this dosage form, used to thin the blood, anti-inflammatory and analgesic (analgesic) effects, improve the reparative properties of the skin against the background of chronic venous insufficiency, widely usedin patients. The quick effect, safety and danger of its use are important. Varicose veins when treated with ointment can stop or slow down if this topical medication is used properly. The effectiveness of the ointment depends on the components on which it is based. However, by using the ointment, you will not be able to completely stop the development of varicose veins, but you will be able to reduce the clinical symptoms of the disease. You should not consider medication and information about it as a direct guide to get rid of varicose veins yourself; for suggestions, we strongly recommend you to see a phlebologist.
Diet therapy for varicose veins.
Dietary therapy for varicose veins is a very important component of the successful treatment of this disease. If you are overweight, you will definitely lose weight. If your position, or more precisely money, allows you, then you can enjoy seafood, such as squid, shrimp, seaweed and so on. In addition to protein, they contain many beneficial substances such as copper and bioflavonoids. Seafood will help promote elastin production. This is a substance that strengthens the walls of blood vessels and prevents them from stretching, blood vessels, when saturated with such a substance, will be more resistant to changes in blood pressure. The diet for varicose veins should also be rich in vitamins, so let’s turn to them. Routine (or vitamin P) is found in chestnuts, hazelnuts, and black chokeberries. It has very useful properties, reducing the permeability of the veins, thus reducing swelling of the legs. Another vitamin that can help fight varicose veins is vitamin C. Its useful properties are to prevent blood clots. Eat more vitamin E foods, legumes, black wheat and oats, egg yolks, liver, green onions, olive oil, corn oil, and soybean oil.
If varicose veins, marinade should be excluded from the diet, if rich, spicy and smoky. Coffee, no more than one or two cups a day and with milk, and it is best to replace it with green tea. Alcoholic beverages are contraindicated, because due to alcohol, water is stored in the body, which increases the load on the venous bed. You should reject sweet and starchy foods (whatever is baked), be it cakes or bread.
Foot baths, contrast baths, physiotherapy exercises for varicose veins.
With varicose veins, as with vascular pathology, physical activity is very important for therapy. Currently, specialists have created a set of physical exercises for varicose veins, performing periodically that can reduce the manifestations of venous insufficiency, slow the development of varicose veins and reduce the serious risk of dangerous complications from varicose veins. Exercising regularly will help strengthen the veins in the lower part of your legs. All of the above can be fully attributed to foot baths and contrast baths.
However, in conclusion, we remember again that the treatment of varicose veins is a complex of therapeutic measures, sequences and volumes that can only be determined by an experienced specialist. None of the above methods does not guarantee one hundred percent cure for this disease. Avoid complications of varicose veins.