Varicose veins during pregnancy

Pregnancy is a difficult and difficult process that precedes joy. In addition to unforgettable moments of happiness, when you first hear a small heartbeat, find out the sex of the baby or feel its first kick, pregnancy brings many changes to the body. These changes are not always positive and at least have something fun. Between those factors and varicose veins.

Compression stockings for the prevention of varicose veins during pregnancy

What are varicose veins

Varicose veins are varicose veins that occur due to pathological changes in the walls and valves of blood vessels. Expansion can occur in various parts of the body, but the legs are most severely affected. During pregnancy, varicose veins can form due to increased stress and hormonal changes. If you are already prone to this disease, pregnancy can make the condition worse.

Today, varicose veins are quite common and young. Every third woman suffers from the disease, and the average age of onset of the disease is 25 years. Hereditary varicose veins. No, it is not inherited, but the chances of a child getting the disease increase by 70% if the mother or father has varicose veins.

Causes of varicose veins during pregnancy

Varicose veins during pregnancy can occur for a variety of reasons. Some of them are unpredictable, while others are avoidable, significantly reducing the risk of varicose veins. To stay ahead, it’s important to know what to fight for at all. We have collected the most common causes of the disease:

  1. Non -settled lifestyle. Today, even without pregnancy, many do inactive work, which leads to a number of diseases, one of which is varicose veins.
  2. Weight gain also leads to the expansion of varicose veins. With strong weight gain (moreover, rapid, which often occurs during pregnancy), the load on the veins increases significantly. This leads to imbalances and disorders of the circulatory system.
  3. During pregnancy, an increase in blood viscosity is added to natural factors. Therefore, it is more difficult for him to pass through the venous canal, which causes its deformation.
  4. "Stars" and capillary nets formed before pregnancy increase the risk of varicose veins during pregnancy.
  5. Also, the appearance of the disease is facilitated by the removal of hot wax hair, high -heeled shoes, and exposure to sunlight for long periods of time.

Of course, hereditary factors cannot be ruled out, however, by adhering to simple safety rules, you can significantly reduce the risk of venous disease.

Particular attention should be paid to safety in the second half of pregnancy. During this period, a number of hormonal changes occur that increase the risk of disease. Whenever possible, change the heel for comfortable shoes, wax for a gentler method of hair removal, etc.

Symptoms

Varicose veins during pregnancy are complicated by the fact that in the first stage it is difficult to identify. The first symptoms can be confused with mild fatigue, a natural pregnancy. You can check whether you are healthy only in the doctor's office, but there are a number of signs that you can initially determine the presence of the disease.

  1. In the first stage of pathological appearance, this is indicated by muscle fatigue when walking, and almost invisible nets on the legs. Women are not always able to detect the onset of these symptoms and associate them with the possibility of disease. After all, who isn’t tired while walking, even without getting pregnant?
  2. In the second stage, the symptoms are more pronounced. You can see periodic cramps, pain in the evening, which in the morning are almost invisible or non -existent at all. This is all superimposed on symptoms of pain and fatigue in the legs during long walks. At this stage, it is necessary to be vigilant and contact a specialist.
  3. In the third stage of the development of varicose veins, more obvious symptoms appear. This is a strong pain, nets, cramps at night. The veins expand, which can be seen visually. You can easily see a pattern of blue veins in the legs (or anywhere else where the disease is inflamed).

The disease cannot be initiated. This is not only aesthetically unattractive and brings a variety of uncomfortable symptoms, but can also lead to the development of eczema. It is better to see a doctor at the first symptom, but if you have the disease, you are still not too late to start treatment. Next, we will discuss more about the methods of treatment, but we will immediately say that varicose veins during pregnancy, not only possible to cure, but also necessary.

During pregnancy, pathology develops not only in the legs, but also in other parts of the body. A woman is prone to inflammation in the labia and rectum area. The first cause can be hemorrhoids and concomitant diseases, up to the rupture of veins.

What are the dangers of varicose veins during pregnancy

Any illness or deviation from the norm is unpleasant even outside the state of pregnancy. When a woman is pregnant, the risk of serious consequences increases, and the symptoms are more pronounced. This is due to the fact that your body does not have the strength to fight the corresponding disease, because all its strength happens to create and sustain new life.

Varicose veins are an unpleasant disease that can threaten pregnant women with serious consequences. But what exactly are the dangers of varicose veins during pregnancy:

  1. Due to the special condition of the body, the disease can progress more quickly, especially if not treated in any way.
  2. With varicose veins, there is a risk of varicose veins and significant blood loss. This may require hospital treatment and surgery, which are highly undesirable during pregnancy.
  3. The hemorrhoids caused by it bring a lot of discomfort, and can get worse during the birth itself. At a later stage, treatment is also done immediately.
  4. Pregnant women do not need additional pain and discomfort. The disease persists with complications and accompanying symptoms. Difficulty walking, and the pain got worse. It is very difficult to combine this with the need to take a walk in the fresh air.
  5. Varicose veins increase the risk of developing eczema at the site of inflammation. It is also an unpleasant disease that requires separate treatment.

Varicose veins during pregnancy can develop in various places. Next, we will analyze the most common problems associated with varicose veins and provide methods of prevention. This will help you take care of your health and nerves.

Varicose veins on the legs during pregnancy

Labial varicose veins during pregnancy

A common disease of pregnant women - genital varicose veins during pregnancy, affecting the outer and inner labia. Every seventh working woman, to one degree or another, suffers from the disease. For some people, the disease goes away on its own after giving birth, while others have struggled with its consequences for a long time, until surgical intervention.

For the causes of varicose veins during pregnancy, which we listed above, a few more are added here. Immediately, we note that this reason does not apply to a woman, and may appear to be due to individual characteristics of the body:

  1. The main hormone produced during pregnancy, progesterone, can also cause labial varicose veins during pregnancy. With its advantage, the vessel wall loses elasticity, which leads to the development of the disease.
  2. Some stages of childbirth are accompanied by an increase in the amount of blood circulating in the pelvic area. This leads to an increase in the load on the walls of blood vessels and their expansion.
  3. From the first days of pregnancy, the baby grows out of control. With its growth and development, which is of course great, the pressure on the vessels in the small pelvis also increases. This in turn causes a loss of strength and elasticity of the vessel.

If you are unable to influence the cause of the feature, then the identification of the disease in the first stage depends on you. Take note of some symptoms that will tell you whether you need to see a specialist right away.

  1. Enlargement of the labia in size. Often this improvement can be seen and the gynecologist notes such changes, but if symptoms arise during a visit to the doctor, you need to report the problem yourself.
  2. You can see the veins swell and turn blue.
  3. Discomfort and itching can also signal varicose veins.
  4. Darkens the skin in the area.
  5. Common pain during intercourse and urination.

Although labial varicose veins during pregnancy have a chance to disappear on their own after childbirth, it is better not to take risks and start treatment on time (if it is not possible to prevent the disease).

Uterine varicose veins during pregnancy

Another type of varicose vein pathology is varicose veins during pregnancy. The uterus goes through difficult times during pregnancy. The baby puts constant pressure on her, which causes a loss of elasticity in the veins, which causes varicose veins during pregnancy. But how to recognize uterine varicose veins? Let's look at the main symptoms:

  1. Painful pain in the lower abdomen, lower back and sacral area.
  2. Increased excretion, possibly with blood impurities.

Uterine varicose veins during pregnancy are dangerous for the health of women who give birth. To diagnose it, the doctor may order an ultrasound scan, perform a laparoscopy, or use other methods to examine the uterine cavity. It is important to see a specialist in a timely manner and not to tolerate even the initial symptoms.

Pregnant lady

Prophylaxis

Prevention of varicose veins in all its manifestations is an important part of responsible pregnancy management. Just a few simple rules that allow you to minimize the chances of varicose veins. In addition, these tips are useful for the prevention of other diseases, contribute to the proper development of the fetus and facilitate the process of childbirth.

  1. Do moderate physical activity. During pregnancy, sports play an important role, but must be in measured portions and in the correct shape. Do moderate exercise at home, or sign up for yoga, stretching, and other sports suitable for pregnant women.
  2. Introduce blood -thinning foods into your diet. Among them are tomato juice, lemon, seafood. However, be careful. These foods can cause allergies in the early stages. Don't eat too much.
  3. Wear very comfortable shoes. It should not press on the feet and cause discomfort. The same goes for socks and stockings. The latter should be omitted altogether, the former must be chosen with independent advantage.
  4. Try to take time for different swims and baths. This will help eliminate the possibility of vaginal varicose veins during pregnancy.
  5. Monitor your diet. Constipation leads to the formation of hemorrhoids and varicose veins of the labia, so you should take enough water, fresh vegetables, juices.
  6. Try to sit only in a comfortable position and never cross your legs.
  7. Buy special clothing, including compression stockings.

Prevention methods can significantly reduce the risk of varicose veins during pregnancy. However, if you already have the first cause (not to mention the stage of the disease), preventive methods alone are not enough. It is necessary to act and choose a method of treatment.

Pregnancy

Treatment

During pregnancy, each disease becomes more complex. Although the mild flu requires a special approach, not to mention varicose veins. The importance of the treatment is safe and the problem can be solved comprehensively. Often, outside of pregnancy conditions, specialists prescribe surgery that allows you to solve the problem in one session. However, during pregnancy, this is an extreme measure that is practically not taken by a doctor. So what do you do?

  1. First of all, do not self -medicate. You one way or another go to the doctor for routine checkups, do not be too lazy to tell about the problems that arise.
  2. Second, do not forget the above methods of disease prevention. Even if the disease has befallen you, adjusting your lifestyle and diet can help relieve symptoms and simplify the treatment process.
  3. Get prescribed treatment. Often, doctors prescribe three methods to get rid of varicose veins that are allowed during pregnancy. They are used at different levels. Among them:
    • Endovasal laser coagulation. If the expansion does not reach 10 mm, the procedure will allow you to remove all marks, from external to internal, in 40 minutes.
    • Sclerotherapy foam. With a development of more than 10 mm, foam sclerotherapy is prescribed. Up to 20 minutes of painless procedure, and 98% elimination of swelling, inflammation, varicose veins, and, therefore, pain.
    • Miniflebectomy. This procedure takes about an hour and allows you to remove connections from 10 to 18 mm.

All of these procedures combine several factors, among them - pain, absence of anesthesia (local and general), and absence of scarring. This procedure also allows you to immediately begin normal tasks (without a load exceeding the norm of pregnant women).

This treatment is also used to treat varicose veins after pregnancy. Complexes in the first trimester and 3rd trimester may be different. This is due to the peculiarities of fetal development, and the effect of various components of the drug on it.

Swimming is a method of prevention and treatment of varicose veins during pregnancy

Varicose veins after pregnancy

Pregnancy can be a provocateur of disease onset, but does not contribute to its treatment. If, during childbirth, varicose veins overwhelm the pregnant mother, and it is unlikely to solve the problem during pregnancy, it is necessary to undergo treatment and get rid of varicose veins after pregnancy.

It is important that the entire pregnancy is observed by a phlebologist. Doctors will be able to control the condition, prescribe medications and ointments to relieve symptoms, and prevent the disease from developing.

Postpartum surgery is also painless, and is an effective method of influencing dilated veins. This procedure is completely safe and is a worldwide requested service. It allows you to cure uterine varicose veins during pregnancy, pathologies that arise in the labia, on the legs and other parts of the body.

In addition, doctors may prescribe ointments, wear special stockings, and use medications. Often, specialists choose treatments that allow the mother to feed the baby.

Remedy for varicose veins

Treatment of varicose veins during pregnancy is focused on strengthening the walls of blood vessels and reducing blood viscosity. Thanks to this, the inflammatory process also passes, edema is relieved. In pharmacies, you can find many drugs and ointments that are effective for the treatment of varicose veins during pregnancy, but they must be used exclusively under the supervision of a specialist, especially during pregnancy.

So, you are dealing with pathology. Varicose veins come during pregnancy and what do you need to know? Some of the most popular drugs today are:

  1. Group of drugs phlebotonics.
  2. Anticoagulant.
  3. Angioprotectors.
  4. Antioxidants
  5. Fibrinolytic.

Specialists prescribe pills based on the clinical picture, as well as individual characteristics of the organism. As a rule, treatment consists of combining several groups of drugs, physical activity, swimming and other measures. Only a holistic effect can help overcome perineum and foot diseases effectively, without endangering the health of the baby.

While you take care of yourself during pregnancy, you will also take care of your baby. Help yourself to get pregnant, remember to see a doctor and take your medicine on time.